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Table 5 Concrete parameters used in the plastic damage model.

From: Effects of Variation of Axial Load on Seismic Performance of Shear Deficient RC Exterior BCJs

Concrete strength (MPa) Mass density (tonne/mm3) Young’s modulus (MPa) Poisson’s ratio Dilation angle Ψ (degrees) Plastic potential eccentricity ϵ fbo/fco b c /b t
Varies 2.4E−009 Variesa 0.19–0.20 36 0.1 1.16 0.7
  1. aAs per concrete strength (21, 30, 36, 50, 65 MPa).