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Table 3 Concrete mixture proportioning.

From: Mass Concrete Placement of the Offshore Wind Turbine Foundation: A Statistical Approach to Optimize the Use of Fly Ash and Silica Fume

Mix no. Binder
kg/m3
FA + SF
kg/m3 (%)
SF
kg/m3 (%)
Water
kg/m3
River sand
kg/m3
Crushed sand
kg/m3
Coarse aggregate
kg/m3
Superplasticizer
l/m3
1 431 129.3 (30) 0 (0) 147.5 363.2 484.2 973.9 5.6
2 431 150.8 (35) 0 (0) 147.5 361.8 482.4 970.2 5.6
3 431 172.4 (40) 0 (0) 147.5 360.4 480.5 966.5 5.6
4 431 129.3 (30) 17.2 (4) 147.5 363.2 484.2 973.9 5.6
5 431 150.8 (35) 17.2 (4) 147.5 361.8 482.4 970.2 5.6
6 431 172.4 (40) 17.2 (4) 147.5 360.4 480.5 966.5 5.6
7 431 129.3 (30) 34.5 (8) 147.5 363.2 484.2 973.9 5.6
8 431 150.8 (35) 34.5 (8) 147.5 361.8 482.4 970.2 5.6
9 431 172.4 (40) 34.5 (8) 147.5 360.4 480.5 966.5 5.6
10 411 123.3 (30) 0 (0) 147.5 366.3 488.4 982.3 5.34
11 411 143.8 (35) 0 (0) 147.5 365.0 486.4 978.8 5.34
12 411 164.4 (40) 0 (0) 147.5 363.7 484.9 975.3 5.34
13 411 123.3 (30) 16.4 (4) 147.5 366.3 488.4 982.3 5.34
14 411 143.8 (35) 16.4 (4) 147.5 365.0 486.4 978.8 5.34
15 411 164.4 (40) 16.4 (4) 147.5 363.7 484.9 975.3 5.34
16 411 123.3 (30) 32.9 (8) 147.5 366.3 488.4 982.3 5.34
17 411 143.8 (35) 32.9 (8) 147.5 365.0 486.4 978.8 5.34
18 411 164.4 (40) 32.9 (8) 147.5 363.7 484.9 975.3 5.34
19 391 117.3 (30) 0 (0) 147.5 369.9 493.2 991.9 5.08
20 391 136.8 (35) 0 (0) 147.5 368.6 491.5 988.5 5.08
21 391 156.4 (40) 0 (0) 147.5 367.4 489.8 985.2 5.08
22 391 117.3 (30) 15.6 (4) 147.5 369.9 493.2 991.9 5.08
23 391 136.8 (35) 15.6 (4) 147.5 368.6 491.5 988.5 5.08
24 391 156.4 (40) 15.6 (4) 147.5 367.4 489.8 985.2 5.08
25 391 117.3 (30) 31.3 (8) 147.5 369.9 493.2 991.9 5.08
26 391 136.8 (35) 31.3 (8) 147.5 368.6 491.5 988.5 5.08
27 391 156.4 (40) 31.3 (8) 147.5 367.4 489.8 985.2 5.08