Skip to main content

Effect of dune sand on the properties of flowing sand-concrete (FSC)

Abstract

Sand-concrete is being researched for potential usage in construction in Saharan regions of Algeria, because of shortage in coarse aggregate resources. This research work deals with the effect of dune sand, available in huge quantities in these regions, on the properties of flowing sand-concrete (FSC) prepared with different proportions of dune and river sands. Mini-cone slump test, v-funnel flow-time test and viscosity measurements were used to characterize the behaviour of FSC in fresh state. The 28-day compressive strength was also determined. Test results show that an optimal content of dune sand, which makes satisfied fresh and hardened properties of FSC, is obtained. Moreover, the obtained flow index (constant b) calculated by the help of power-law viscosity model is successfully correlated to the experimental results of v-funnel flow time.

References

  1. Sablocrete, Synthèse du Projet National de Recherche et Développement, Bétons de sable, caractéristiques et pratiques d’utilisation, Presses de l’école Nationale des Ponts et Chaussées LCPC, Paris, 1994 (In french).

    Google Scholar 

  2. Bédérina, M., Khenfer, M. M., Dheilly, R. M., and Quéneudec, M., “Reuse of local sand: effect of limestone filler proportion on the rheological and mechanical properties of different sand concretes”, Cement and Concrete Research, Vol.35, No. 6, 2005, pp. 1172–1179.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  3. Akrout, K., Mounanga, P., Ltifi, M., and Ben Jamaa, N., “Rheological, Mechanical and Structural Performances of Crushed Limestone Sand Concrete”, International Journal of Concrete Structures and Materials, Vol.4, No.2, 2010, pp. 97–104.

    Google Scholar 

  4. Rmili, A., Ben Ouezdou, M., Added, M., and Ghorbel, E., “Incorporation of Crushed Sands and Tunisian Desert Sands in the Composition of Self Compacting Concretes Part I: Study of Formulation”, International Journal of Concrete Structures and Materials, Vol.3, No.1, 2009, pp. 3–9.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  5. Brouwers, H. J. H. and Radix, H. J., “Self-compacting concrete: the role of the particle size distribution”. First International Symposium on Design, Performance and Use of SCC, Hunan, China, 2005, pp. 109–118.

  6. Kosmatka, S. H. and Panarese, W. C., Design and control of concrete mixtures, 13th Ed., Portland Cement Association Skokie, IL, 1988.

    Google Scholar 

  7. Mehta, P. K. and Monteiro, P. J. M., Concrete: Structure, properties and materials, Prentice-Hall Prentice Hall College Div., 2 Sub-edition, 1992.

    Google Scholar 

  8. Chang, P. K., Hwang, C. L., and Peng Y. N., “Application of high performance concrete to high rise building in Taiwan”, Advances in Structural Engineering, Vol.4, No. 2, 2001, pp. 65–73.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  9. XP P 18-540 Standard, Granulats: Définitions, conformité, spécifications, Association Française de Normalisation (AFNOR), Paris, 1997 (In french).

    Google Scholar 

  10. NF EN 934-2 Standard, Béton et constituants des bétons, Tome 1: spécification du béton et de ses constituants, 5ème Ed., Association Française de Normalisation (AFNOR), Paris, 2002 (In french).

    Google Scholar 

  11. Chauvin, J. J. and Grimaldi, G., “Les bétons de sable”, Bulletin de liaison Laboratoires des Ponts et Chaussées (LCPC), No. 157, 1988, pp. 9–15 (In French).

  12. NF EN 196-1 Standard, Ciments et chaux, Association Française de Normalisation (AFNOR), Paris, 2003 (In french).

    Google Scholar 

  13. EFNARC, The European guidelines for self-compacting concrete, Specification, Production and use, The European Federation of Specialist Construction Chemicals and Concrete Systems, 2002.

  14. Felekoğlu, B., Tosun, K., Baradan, B., Altun, A., and Uyulgan, B., “The effect of fly ash and limestone fillers on the viscosity and compressive strength of self-compacting repair mortars”, Cement and Concrete Research, Vol.36, No. 9, 2006, pp. 1719–1726.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  15. Rmili, A., Ben Ouezdou, M., Added, M., and Ghorbel, E., “Incorporation of Crushed Sands and Tunisian Desert Sands in the Composition of Self Compacting Concretes Part II: SCC Fresh and Hardened States Characteristics”, International Journal of Concrete Structures and Materials, Vol.3, No. 1, 2009, pp. 11–14.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  16. Güneyisi, E. and Gesoğlu, M., “Properties of selfcompacting mortars with binary and ternary cementitious blends of fly ash and metakaolin”, Materials and Structures, Vol.41, No. 9, 2008, pp. 1519–1531.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  17. Güneyisi, E., Gesoğlu, M., and Özbay E., “Effect of marble powder and slag on the properties of self compacting mortars”, Materials and Structures, Vol.42, No. 6, 2009, pp. 813–826.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  18. Bouziani, T., Benmounah, A., Bédérina, M., and Lamara, M., “Effect of Marble Powder on the Properties of Self-Compacting Sand Concrete”, The Open Construction and Building Technology Journal, Vol. 5, 2011, pp.25–29

    Article  Google Scholar 

  19. Wong, H. H. C. and Kwan, A. K. H., “Packing density of cementitious materials: part1-measurement using a wet packing method”, Materials and Structures, Vol.41, No. 4, 2008, pp. 689–701.

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Tayeb Bouziani.

Rights and permissions

Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 International License ( https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0 ), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Bouziani, T., Bederina, M. & Hadjoudja, M. Effect of dune sand on the properties of flowing sand-concrete (FSC). Int J Concr Struct Mater 6, 59–64 (2012). https://doi.org/10.1007/s40069-012-0006-z

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Revised:

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s40069-012-0006-z

Keywords

  • flowing sand concrete
  • dune sand
  • fresh properties
  • viscosity
  • compressive strength