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  1. Chloride ions diffuse through the concrete cover and interact with the cement hydration products. As a result, some chloride ions become chemically and/or physically bound. Free chloride ions are the primary c...

    Authors: Arturo Emanuel Ramírez-Ortíz, Francisco Castellanos and Prisciliano F. de J. Cano-Barrita
    Citation: International Journal of Concrete Structures and Materials 2018 12:20
  2. Oxygen diffusion would not be important for healthy concrete. Once concrete is carbonated, however, oxygen diffusion is very crucial to lead reinforcement corrosion. Therefore, oxygen is always a potential thr...

    Authors: In-Seok Yoon
    Citation: International Journal of Concrete Structures and Materials 2018 12:16
  3. Calcium acetate, which can be used in concrete to shorten the construction period and to improve productivity, was manufactured using limestone sludge and acetic acid. Calcium acetate contains a carboxyl group...

    Authors: Hwa-Sung Ryu, Deuck-Mo Kim, Sang-Heon Shin, Won-Jun Park and Seung-Jun Kwon
    Citation: International Journal of Concrete Structures and Materials 2018 12:13
  4. Slag can increase late age strength of concrete, but impairs the concrete early-age strength due to low reactivity. Limestone powder can increase early-age strength, but impairs late-age strength due to diluti...

    Authors: Xiao-Yong Wang and Yao Luan
    Citation: International Journal of Concrete Structures and Materials 2018 12:12
  5. To investigate the load-carrying capacity of high-strength concrete-encased steel angle (CES-A) columns, in which corner steel angles are encased in concrete and transmit column loads directly, a numerical stu...

    Authors: Chang-Soo Kim and Hyeon-Jong Hwang
    Citation: International Journal of Concrete Structures and Materials 2018 12:11
  6. Durability of reinforced concrete (RC) structures is affected by certain environmental conditions and operational actions which can reduce their lifetime significantly. Among these actions, this paper proposes...

    Authors: Emilio Bastidas-Arteaga
    Citation: International Journal of Concrete Structures and Materials 2018 12:10
  7. The durability performance of stainless steel makes it an interesting alternative for the structural strengthening of reinforced concrete. Like external steel plates or fibre reinforced polymers, stainless ste...

    Authors: Hugo Biscaia, Noel Franco and Carlos Chastre
    Citation: International Journal of Concrete Structures and Materials 2018 12:9
  8. Rehabilitation and repair of flexible pavements produce huge amounts of reclaimed asphalt pavement (RAP) material. Using RAP in the formulation of portland cement concrete (PCC) is a technique that is part of ...

    Authors: Sawssen El Euch Ben Said, Saloua El Euch Khay and Amara Loulizi
    Citation: International Journal of Concrete Structures and Materials 2018 12:8
  9. Strut and Tie (S&T) models are used for the design of what are known as “discontinuity regions” in reinforced concrete (RC) structures. Building codes such as ACI-318 and Eurocode 2 do not give information on ...

    Authors: Manuel Alejandro Fernández-Ruiz, Luisa María Gil-Martín and Enrique Hernández-Montes
    Citation: International Journal of Concrete Structures and Materials 2018 12:7
  10. This paper presents a study on the bond characteristics of glass fiber reinforced polymer (GFRP) bars in engineered cementitious composite (ECC). Ninety beam specimens having variable parameters namely bar dia...

    Authors: Khandaker Muhammed Anwar Hossain
    Citation: International Journal of Concrete Structures and Materials 2018 12:6
  11. This paper presents the results of the tests and analysis on the coefficient of thermal expansion for the steel strand under combined low temperatures and prestressing forces. A test program was firstly carrie...

    Authors: Jian Xie and Jia-Bao Yan
    Citation: International Journal of Concrete Structures and Materials 2018 12:5
  12. This study investigated the strength developments and deformation characteristics of methyl methacrylate (MMA)-modified vinyl ester polymer concrete, with MMA contents and curing temperatures as test variables...

    Authors: Nan Ji Jin, Jaeheum Yeon, Seung-Ho Min and Kyu-Seok Yeon
    Citation: International Journal of Concrete Structures and Materials 2018 12:4
  13. It is generally recognized that cracks provide easy access to ingress of chlorides in concrete and hence, the initiation of corrosion of steel in cracked concrete occurs at early stage. However, wide variety ...

    Authors: Faiz Uddin Ahmed Shaikh
    Citation: International Journal of Concrete Structures and Materials 2018 12:3
  14. The purposes of this study were to investigate the seasonal variations in the relative permittivity of actual concrete bridge decks of various ages on Korea expressways, and to propose a practical way to calib...

    Authors: Ji-Young Rhee, Seong-Hoon Kee, Hong-Sam Kim and Jae-Jin Choi
    Citation: International Journal of Concrete Structures and Materials 2018 12:2
  15. Punching shear resistance of column footings and foundation slabs varies significantly in different standards. The reason for this is because standards define differently the position of the critical perimeter...

    Authors: Zoran Bonić, Nebojša Davidović, Todor Vacev, Nikola Romić, Elefterija Zlatanović and Jelena Savić
    Citation: International Journal of Concrete Structures and Materials 2017 11:213
  16. This paper presents the experimental results of four full-scale coupling beams in which only horizontal reinforcements are placed, without diagonal reinforcements, with the aim to develop reinforcement details...

    Authors: Soo-Yeon Seo, Hyun-Do Yun and Young-Soo Chun
    Citation: International Journal of Concrete Structures and Materials 2017 11:221
  17. Engineered cementitious composites (ECC) possesses characteristics that make it suitable in the zones of high shear and ductility demand of structural elements; however, there is a lack of an adequate model t...

    Authors: Chang Wu, Zuanfeng Pan, Kang-Su Kim and Shaoping Meng
    Citation: International Journal of Concrete Structures and Materials 2017 11:219
  18. Insulating concrete is a material designed to reduce heat conduction with pores/insulations, and these pores strongly affect the material characteristics. In general, the insulation effect is directly proporti...

    Authors: Sang-Yeop Chung, Mohamed Abd Elrahman and Dietmar Stephan
    Citation: International Journal of Concrete Structures and Materials 2017 11:218
  19. The aim of this research was to investigate the validity of the Krieger–Dougherty model as a quantitative model to predict the viscosity of mortar depending on various aggregate sizes. The Krieger–Dougherty mo...

    Authors: Dongyeop Han, Jae Hong Kim, Jin Hyun Lee and Su-Tae Kang
    Citation: International Journal of Concrete Structures and Materials 2017 11:217
  20. To evaluate the effect of the mix proportioning method on drying shrinkage and freeze-and-thaw resistance of recycled concrete aggregate (RCA) concrete, two series of concrete mixes were made using the modifie...

    Authors: Sungchul Yang and Hwalwoong Lee
    Citation: International Journal of Concrete Structures and Materials 2017 11:216
  21. In this work, pozzolanic activities of dredged sea soil from two different sources (South Harbor at Busan and Jangsaengpo Harbor at Ulsan) in Republic of Korea were investigated. Dredged sea soil used for this...

    Authors: Hoon Moon, Ji-Hyun Kim, Jae-Yong Lee, Soo-Gon Kim and Chul-Woo Chung
    Citation: International Journal of Concrete Structures and Materials 2017 11:215
  22. Amorphous micro-steel (AMS) fibre made by cooling of liquid pig iron is flexible, light and durable to corrosion, then to be compatible with high flowable and disperable states of mixing as well as high ductil...

    Authors: Jeong-Su Kim, Chang-Geun Cho, Hyeong-Joo Moon, Hoyeon Kim, Seung-Jung Lee and Wha-Jung Kim
    Citation: International Journal of Concrete Structures and Materials 2017 11:214
  23. This study introduces a glass fiber reinforced polymer (GFRP)-steel hybrid bar with a core of a deformed steel bar (steel core). Six types of the hybrid cross section were considered, and a total of 48 tensil...

    Authors: Minkwan Ju, Sangyun Lee and Cheolwoo Park
    Citation: International Journal of Concrete Structures and Materials 2017 11:212
  24. Recently, extreme climate change has been occurring globally not only in the simple form of temperature increases but also in a wide range of extreme climatic events, such as abnormal drought conditions and fr...

    Authors: Tae-Kyun Kim, Seung-Jai Choi, Jang-Ho Jay Kim, Yong-Sik Chu and Eunjong Yu
    Citation: International Journal of Concrete Structures and Materials 2017 11:206
  25. The presence of cracks is unavoidable in reinforced concrete structures and also a gateway for chloride into concrete, leading to corrosion of steel reinforcing bars. So, crack control, crack width limitation ...

    Authors: Suvash Chandra Paul and Gideon Pieter Adriaan Greeff van Zijl
    Citation: International Journal of Concrete Structures and Materials 2017 11:205
  26. In this study the behavior of unbonded post-tensioned segmental columns (UPTSCs) was investigated and expressions were proposed to estimate their ductility and neutral axis (NA) depth at ultimate strength. An ...

    Authors: Reza Hassanli, Osama Youssf, Julie Mills and Mostafa Fakharifar
    Citation: International Journal of Concrete Structures and Materials 2017 11:209
  27. This study evaluates the compatibility of repair materials for concrete bridge decks. A new compatibility test set-up was designed and tested based on the concrete bridge deck cracking and delamination mechani...

    Authors: Giri Venkiteela, Matthew Klein, Husam Najm and Perumalsamy Naidu Balaguru
    Citation: International Journal of Concrete Structures and Materials 2017 11:208
  28. Experimental research on the technical characteristics of lightweight concretes incorporating scoria was conducted. The objective of this research is to investigate the feasibility and effectiveness of the use...

    Authors: Eddie Franck Rajaonarison, Alexandre Gacoin, Roger Randrianja, Velomanantsoa Gabriely Ranaivoniarivo and Bam Haja Nirina Razafindrabe
    Citation: International Journal of Concrete Structures and Materials 2017 11:204
  29. Tubular reinforced concrete columns of air-cooling condenser structures, which undertake the most weight of air cooling equipment, are the major components to resist lateral forces under earthquake. Once colla...

    Authors: Ning-jun Du, Guo-liang Bai, Ya-zhou Xu and Chao-gang Qin
    Citation: International Journal of Concrete Structures and Materials 2017 11:207
  30. Fire damage to concrete causes contact-type defects that degrade its durability through impaired mechanical properties. Various nondestructive tests are used to evaluate defects induced by fire damage. Recentl...

    Authors: Gang-Kyu Park and Hong Jae Yim
    Citation: International Journal of Concrete Structures and Materials 2017 11:211
  31. Beam–column joints in existing concrete buildings might not satisfy the design requirements for seismic reinforcement details specified in current seismic design codes. Thus, in this study, various retrofit so...

    Authors: Gia Toai Truong, Ngoc Hieu Dinh, Jong-Chan Kim and Kyoung-Kyu Choi
    Citation: International Journal of Concrete Structures and Materials 2017 11:203
  32. This paper presents an experimental study of a new grouted splice connection for wall panels, called Welded Bar Sleeve (WBS). The connections were made from steel pipes and tested with incremental tensile, she...

    Authors: Jen Hua Ling, Ahmad Baharuddin Abd. Rahman, Izni Syahrizal Ibrahim and Zuhairi Abdul Hamid
    Citation: International Journal of Concrete Structures and Materials 2017 11:202
  33. The restrained thermal expansion of a pretensioned strand causes thermal prestress loss during steam curing until sufficient bond strength develops. The amount of thermal prestress loss is directly related to ...

    Authors: Chadon Lee, Sangmin Shin, Songhee Lee and Jeongha Oh
    Citation: International Journal of Concrete Structures and Materials 2017 11:210
  34. Proper curing of concrete is essential for achieving desirable mechanical properties. However, in a developing country like Bangladesh, curing is often neglected due to lack of proper knowledge and skill of lo...

    Authors: Shohana Iffat, Tanvir Manzur, Sayedur Rahman, Munaz Ahmed Noor and Nur Yazdani
    Citation: International Journal of Concrete Structures and Materials 2017 11:196
  35. Openings in slabs are usually required for many different applications such as aeriation ducts and air conditioning. Opening in concrete slabs due to cutouts significantly decrease the member stiffness. There ...

    Authors: Hamdy K. Shehab, Ahmed S. Eisa and Kareem A. El-Awady
    Citation: International Journal of Concrete Structures and Materials 2017 11:186
  36. A formula to estimate the yield displacement observed in the pushover analysis of coupled wall lateral force-resisting systems is presented. The estimate is based on the results of an analytical study of coupl...

    Authors: Enrique Hernández-Montes and Mark Aschheim
    Citation: International Journal of Concrete Structures and Materials 2017 11:188
  37. This paper presents the fibre-matrix interfacial properties of hooked end steel fibres embedded in ultra-high performance mortars with various water/binder (W/B) ratios. The principle objective was to improve ...

    Authors: Sadoon Abdallah, Mizi Fan and Xiangming Zhou
    Citation: International Journal of Concrete Structures and Materials 2017 11:193
  38. Post-earthquake observations revealed that seismic performance of beam-column connections in precast concrete structures affect the overall response extensively. Seismic design of precast reinforced concrete s...

    Authors: Sadik Can Girgin, Ibrahim Serkan Misir and Serap Kahraman
    Citation: International Journal of Concrete Structures and Materials 2017 11:190
  39. The control of the deformative behaviour of pre-stressed concrete roof elements for a satisfactory service performance is a main issue of their structural design. Slender light-weight wing-shaped roof elements...

    Authors: Bruno Dal Lago
    Citation: International Journal of Concrete Structures and Materials 2017 11:187
  40. In this study, the effects of water-to-binder (W/B) ratio and replacement ratio of blast furnace slag (BFS) on the compressive strength of concrete were first investigated to determine an optimized mixture. T...

    Authors: Jun-Mo Yang, Doo-Yeol Yoo, You-Chan Kim and Young-Soo Yoon
    Citation: International Journal of Concrete Structures and Materials 2017 11:200
  41. In this study, we propose a new equation that evaluates the shear strength of beam–column connections in reinforced concrete and steel beam (RCS) composite materials. This equation encompasses the effect of sh...

    Authors: Yun-Chul Choi, Ji-Ho Moon, Eun-Jin Lee, Keum-Sung Park and Kang Seok Lee
    Citation: International Journal of Concrete Structures and Materials 2017 11:199
  42. Tests of the lateral and torsional stability are quite sensitive to the experimental conditions, such as support conditions and loading system. Controlling all of these conditions in a full-size test is a very...

    Authors: Jong-Han Lee, Yong Myung Park, Chi-Young Jung and Jae-Bong Kim
    Citation: International Journal of Concrete Structures and Materials 2017 11:198
  43. An experimental evaluation of crack propagation and post-cracking behavior in steel fiber reinforced concrete (SFRC) beams, using full-field displacements obtained from the digital image correlation technique ...

    Authors: Sahith Gali and Kolluru V. L. Subramaniam
    Citation: International Journal of Concrete Structures and Materials 2017 11:197
  44. The objective of this work was finding out the most advisable testing conditions for an effective and robust characterization of the tensile strength (TS) of concrete disks. The independent variables were the ...

    Authors: Víctor J. García, Carmen O. Márquez, Alonso R. Zúñiga-Suárez, Berenice C. Zuñiga-Torres and Luis J. Villalta-Granda
    Citation: International Journal of Concrete Structures and Materials 2017 11:194
  45. A new approach for measuring the specific fracture energy of concrete denoted modified disk-shaped compact tension (MDCT) test is presented. The procedure is based on previous ideas regarding the use of compa...

    Authors: Héctor Cifuentes, Miguel Lozano, Táňa Holušová, Fernando Medina, Stanislav Seitl and Alfonso Fernández-Canteli
    Citation: International Journal of Concrete Structures and Materials 2017 11:189
  46. Residual axial capacity from numerical analysis was widely used as a critical indicator for damage assessment of reinforced concrete (RC) columns subjected to blast loads. However, the convergence of the numer...

    Authors: Zhong-Xian Li, Bo Zhong, Yanchao Shi and Jia-Bao Yan
    Citation: International Journal of Concrete Structures and Materials 2017 11:201
  47. The purpose of the paper is to determine the influence of two widely used steel fibers and polypropylene fibers on the sulphate crystallization resistance, freeze–thaw resistance and surface wettability of ult...

    Authors: Piotr Smarzewski and Danuta Barnat-Hunek
    Citation: International Journal of Concrete Structures and Materials 2017 11:195

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